Extraction of lumped elements parameters using VNWA

VNWA3E has special functions to extract the lumped elements parameters of circuits or some components.  Today, I will explain how to use this functions with the following 1 [nF] ceramic capacitor.

capacitor-1nf

First, I measured the S11 parameters and other parameters using the special tool which is designed for through-hole components.  We can easily expect that component wire produces parasitic inductance, which results in some resonance at some frequency.

howtomeasure

The following figure shows the measurement results. The frequency range is from 1 MHz to 60 MHz. The blue line is S11 [dB]. The Yellow line is capacitance value which is calculated from S11. The magenta line is  real value of the impedance. We can see that there is a resonant around 30~40 MHz.

s11_capacitor_new

The equivalent circuit of this capacitor can be expressed as the combination of the capacitance and parasitic inductance and internal resistance.

eq_circuit

Open the optimizer window. (VNWA3E program, tool menu – optimizer), input the parameters as the following figure.

We know that C is around 1 [nF]  and R is around 0.15 [Ohm] from the measured value. and I assumed that L is around 10 [nH].

Then click the optimize button in the menu bar.

after_opti

The calculated fitted results is shown like this figure.

after_opti02

 

That means that the equivalent circuit of the capacitor is like the following figure.

fianal_eq_circuit

In order to check the feasibility of these value, We will plot the simulated value with this fitted data over the measured value.

In this process, We are using the custom trace menu. You can access the custom trace menu like this picture.

menubar

Then input the related equations and values like this.

input-the-fitted-value

Then Check the results.

(1) S11 dB

s11_db_comp01

(2) Capacitance

s11_capa_comp02

(3) Smith Chart

s11_smith_comp02

We can see the simulated results matched well with the measured results.

It was really amazing that we can extract the lumped elements parameters using only one measurement with VNWA.  Next time, I will show how to extract the lumped elements parameters of the WPT coils by using this method.

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